Dry scalp

A dry scalp causes itching, flaking and irritation. The oil on the scalp which keeps your skin moisturized has decreased. In this article you will firstly, read about the difference between dandruff and a dry scalp, secondly about the symptoms of a dry scalp, than about the causes of a dry scalp and most importantly about the best treatment against it.

Dry scalp or dandruff?

Dandruff and dry scalp have the same symptoms. Therefore, it can be difficult to conclude what you are actually suffering from. But in dry scalp, the skin gets irritated and flakes off. With dandruff, the cause is too much oil on the scalp. That excess oil causes skin cells to build up and then shed. Therefore, knowing which of these conditions you have can help you get the right treatment and banish those flakes for good.

A symptom to recognise if you are suffering from dry scalp or actually have dandruff is to look at the colours of the flakes. With a dry scalp, the flakes are usually white small specks, while dandruff is tinted yellow. According to Antonella Tosti a dermatologist: “Dandruff also has an abnormally accelerated renewal of scalp skin cells that fall off as scales and clusters”. In addition, this means that the excess oil causes microscopic dead skin cells to stick together in clumps. Most of the flakes will be thicker than flakes that come from a dry scalp.

Symptoms of a dry scalp

Below you will find the symptoms of several scalp conditions:


Dry scalp


Seborrheic dermatitis

Tinea capitis

Dry, cracked skin that also bleed or itch

Tight or dry feeling scalp

It may feel dry, scaly and also crusty scalp

Very dry skin

Dry skin

Red patches of skin, with thick silvery scales

No scales

No scales

Red and scaly

Swollen and red patches/dry and also scaly rashes

No flakes

White small flakes of dead skin

Flakes that range from small white to large, greasy and yellow.


Flaking scalp that resembles dandruff

Itching, burning and also soreness

Itching and also irritation

Itchy flaking on the scalp and hairline

Very itchy or burning

Itchy, scaly bald patches

Not the cause for hair loss, only scratching is



Scratching can damage the hair follicles

Patches of hair loss (Alopecia) and also  low fever and swollen lymph nodes

Other conditions of the scalp

When you do not only suffer from a dry scalp but also from itching of the scalp or scaling you might suffer from tinea capitis, dandruff, psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis. When you are not certain of your condition we advise you to also read the articles below:

Causes of a dry scalp

The first cause we will talk about is too much washing of the hair. Washing your hair every day can strip your scalp of the natural oils that it needs to stay hydrated. Over time, your hair can start to dry out, brittle and break. We recommend washing your hair 3 times a week, but this depends on your hair type.

The second cause of a dry scalp where we will talk about are the usage of hair products. If your scalp turns red, itches and flakes after you was it with certain shampoos, soaps or other hair products can lead to contact dermatitis. If you dye your hair it can also be the reaction against a chemical. To combat effectively against contact dermatitis, you have to think about the possible cause for it, before using an effective shampoo, which contains effective ingredients that improve your scalp condition.

The third cause is about different temperatures and the weather. During the winter months in cold climates, the humidity in the air drops. Cold weather dries out the skin all over your body. We recommend you to stay not longer for 5 or 10 minutes in the shower at a time. Because spending too much time under hot water can strip your skin of its natural oils.

Woman touching her Dry scalp

Furthermore, a couple things can have an impact on the dryness of your scalp. Alcohol can dry the scalp and a lot of ingredients such as sulphates, menthol and eucalyptus can irritate the scalp. These can be drying an cause an imbalance in the PH of the scalp. Overall it is best to use a shampoo that has been specially developed for the scalp, such as an anti-sulphate shampoo and nourishing mask.

Treatment against a dry scalp

Against a dry scalp, Neofollics Hair Technology has developed a product that also helps for other scalp conditions that combats it. These are an exfoliating shampoo and nourishing mask, that work independently of each other, but together provide extra effectiveness and the best treatment on the market. The treatment is for a Healthy Scalp and it also combats dandruff, flakes and itching. Furthermore, the treatment gently exfoliates the scalp and removes impurities like dandruff and flakes. It contains a broad spectrum of ingredients that have anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial activity.

Neofollics scalp brush and shampoo on a rack

The shampoo needs to be applied directly to the scalp with the fingertips or the shampoo brush. This brush stimulates the circulation and overall health of your scalp. By massaging for better circulation, cleansing and ridding the scalp of dandruff, dirt and sebum. For the best results, use the shampoo and nourishing mask 3 to 4 times per week. Leave the shampoo in for 2-3 minutes, than rinse and use the nourishing mask, which you do not rinse.


A dry scalp can be caused by various things such as dry weather, using the wrong products and washing your hair too often. Dry scalp can be very similar to other conditions such as eczema or dandruff. Find out what is bothering you so you can treat it in the best way possible. 

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